31 facts you need to know about First World War.

History is great. There are some facts you miss about First World War. Check out the information below.

  1. The First World war lasted from 28 Jul 1914 – 11 Nov 1918
  2. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).
  3. Princip and other nationalists were struggling to end Austro-Hungarian rule over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  4. On July 5, Kaiser Wilhelm secretly pledged his support, giving Austria-Hungary a so-called carte blanche or “blank check” assurance of Germany’s backing in the case of war.
  5. On August 4, 1914, German troops crossed the border into Belgium.
  6. From 1914 to 1916, Russia’s army mounted several offensives on World War I’s Eastern Front, but the Red Army was unable to break through German lines.
  7. World War I took the lives of more than 9 million soldiers; 21 million more were wounded.
  8. On July 15, 1918, German troops launched what would become the last German offensive of the war, attacking French forces (joined by 85,000 American troops as well as some of the British Expeditionary Force) in the Second Battle of the Marne.
  9. Germany began fighting World War I on two fronts, invading France through neutral Belgium in the west and confronting mighty Russia in the east.
  10. The biggest naval engagement of World War I, the Battle of Jutland(May 1916) left British naval superiority on the North Sea intact, and Germany would make no further attempts to break an Allied naval blockade for the remainder of the war.
  11. Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun(February-December 1916) and the Battle of the Somme(July-November 1916).
  12. In the First Battle of the Marne, fought from September 6-9, 1914, French and British forces confronted the invading Germany army, which had by then penetrated deep into northeastern France, within 30 miles of Paris.
  13. British-led forces also combated the Ottoman Turks in Egypt and Mesopotamia, while in northern Italy, Austrian and Italian troops faced off in a series of 12 battles along the Isonzo River, located at the border between the two nations.
  14. On the Eastern Front of World War I, Russian forces invaded the German-held regions of East Prussia and Poland, but were stopped short by German and Austrian forces at the Battle of Tannenbergin late August 1914.
  15. At the outbreak of fighting in 1914, the United States remained on the sidelines of World War I, adopting President Woodrow Wilson’spolicy of neutrality while continuing to engage in commerce and shipping with European countries on both sides of the conflict.
  16. In the first battle of World War I, the Germans assaulted the heavily fortified city of Liege, using the most powerful weapons in their arsenal–enormous siege cannons–to capture the city by August 15.
  17. Russia’s simmering instability exploded in the Russian Revolutionof 1917, spearheaded by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks, which ended czarist rule and brought a halt to Russian participation in World War I.
  18. Austro-Hungarian leaders feared that a Russian intervention would involve Russia’s ally, France, and possibly Great Britain as well.
  19. The severe effects that chemical weaponssuch as mustard gas and phosgene had on soldiers and civilians during World War I galvanized public and military attitudes against their continued use.
  20. The First Battle of the Isonzotook place in the late spring of 1915, soon after Italy’s entry into the war on the Allied side. In the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, also known as the Battle of Caporetto (October 1917), German reinforcements helped Austria-Hungary win a decisive victory.
  21. Despite that triumph, Russia’s assault had forced Germany to move two corps from the Western Front to the Eastern, contributing to the German loss in the Battle of the Marne.
  22. With Germany able to build up its strength on the Western Front after the armistice with Russia, Allied troops struggled to hold off another German offensive until promised reinforcements from the United States were able to arrive.
  23. The Allied troops did checked the German advance and mounted a successful counterattack, driving the Germans back to north of the Aisne River.
  24. The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept.
  25. Civilian casualties caused indirectly by the war numbered close to 10 million.
  26. The two nations most affected were Germany and France, each of which sent some 80 percent of their male populations between the ages of 15 and 49 into battle.
  27. In the years before World War I, the superiority of Britain’s Royal Navy was unchallenged by any other nation’s fleet, but the Imperial German Navy had made substantial strides in closing the gap between the two naval powers.
  28. World War I has also been referred to as “the first modern war.”
  29. German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun
  30. After the Battle of Dogger Bankin January 1915, in which the British mounted a surprise attack on German ships in the North Sea, the German navy chose not to confront Britain’s mighty Royal Navy in a major battle for more than a year, preferring to rest the bulk of its naval strategy on its U-boats.
  31. On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and the tenuous peace between Europe’s great powers quickly collapsed.

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